Hochlandia is a former nation and region, located in southern Feniz. It was a successor state to Greater Phenixia from 17 June 299, becoming the Republic of Hochlandia. The new state enjoyed only a short period of independence (1 3/4 years) before it became part of Feniz on 10 March 301.
Republic of HochlandiaEdit
Hochlandia, like Feniz, was a relic of Greater Phenixia which broke up in 299. It was constituted as an independent state on 17 June 299 becoming the Republic of Hochlandia under interim President, Anders Hetman. President Hetman successfully negotiated the northern Angliyan region of Lazischyna, predominately inhabited by ethnic Hochlanders, becoming a protectorate of Hochlandia.
The newly formed Hochlandian government soon began to struggle under the strain of the poor economy and government corruption began to increase. Strikes by various public servants led to widespread dislike for President Hetman.
President Hetman was forced to take a robust approach against his critics and began to use the Hochlandian army as a police force, due to the civil police force striking. Hetman was disliked by the governments of Feniz and Phenixia, who looked upon Hochlandia with great concern.
Towards the end of 300 AP the country began to break down with wide spread rioting and ethnic tensions high. Roaming troops without pay afflicted the population which started to flee to Feniz, Phenixia, Dascunya, Aethelnia and Angliya.
Dascunya and Angliya elected to close its borders with Hochlandia, whilst Feniz erected a wall and deployed border security to prevent the tide of Hoch refugees. By January 301 a coup by Orthodox Cruisian Hochlandians saw President Hetman flee to Phenixia. Commander Gregor Orlange of the OCH militia announced himself as the new President which led to religious tension between Orthodox and Papaist Hochlandian groups.
In March 301, Hochlandia was invaded by the Armed Forces of Feniz (10 till 19 March), and annexed the region in what concluded the Hochlandian War of 301.
The two duchies of Hochlandia became Emirates under the rule of Feniz and Gregor Orlange was made Governor of Mokra, whilst Hendrik Aldbrecht, former leader of Sukha Blue Brigade, was chosen as Governor of Sukha. Shortly after this, all Emirates of Feniz were given new, fenizised names, and the three Emirates of North Feniz, i.e. Feniz proper, revived the collective name from Phenixian times, Al Djumuriyah, fenizised "Al'Jumu-Ria". The two Hochlandian duchies of Mokra and Sukha became Ir'Mokra Id-Hochland Emirate (Mokra) and Ir'Sukha Id-Hochland Emirate or Sukha.
When Feniz took the lead in renewing the APWH, it chose Levyts'ki, the capital of Sukha, as location for its headquarters in order to strengthen the importance of the new emirates.
Conditions for those living in the cities saw little improvement. Local government corruption continued to be rife and violence between ethnic groups common place. Some of the bloodiest scenes were seen at churches across Hochlandia, where gangs targeted each other.
In 302, former Hochlandian General and leader of the United Hochlandian Armies, a Papaist militia group, Victor Machsgutcheff took up political asylum in Aethelnia. Machsgutcheff had been designated a terrorist by Fenizic authorities and relations between Aethelnia and Feniz remained tense whilst Machsgutcheff was given refuge.
Between 305 and 312, Hochlandian nationalist groups became active in terror attacks across Feniz. The most notable attack occurred in 308 when the Bojarkish Peoples Party attacked the Occidental Express in Feniz.
On 3 March 313 the Hochlandian Liberation Front claimed responsibility for the assassination attempt against Grand Vizier Sheik G'Ensh-Er Pasha which mortally wounded Caliph Neer'Too-Gott while visiting the capital of Lysonia. During the Feniz Conflict Hochlandian militia groups were split, with groups such as the Hochlandian Liberation Front and Hochlandian Peoples Army siding with the Ix'Kano Neer'Aga regime, whilst the Hochlandian Brotherhood Union and Hochlandian Cruisian Defence Brigade siding with the Lysonian led coalition. Many Hochlandian militia groups played an integral part of the conflict in southern Feniz working alongside the Samuelonian and Angliyan army.
Hochlandia consisted of two administrative divisions, Mokra in the north and Sukha in the south. The country shares borders with Feniz in the north, Phenixia in the east, Aethelnia in the south-east, Angliya in the south and Dascunya in the west.
At its height in 301, Hochlandia had a population of just under 18,000,000. Between 302 and 316, the country saw large scale migrations of Hochlandians to neighbouring countries, with many civilians fleeing warfare, poverty, ethnic and secular violence. Current estimates put the population of ethnic Hochlandians at around 25,000,000. Of the 25,000,000, around 15,000,000 reside in former Hochlandia and the remaining 10,000,000 residing in neighbouring countries. The highest concentration of Hochlandians currently residen in Angliya (3.8 million), Phenixia (2.6 million), Dascunya (1.6 million), Samuelonia (1.4 million), Aethelnia (400k).
The former Hochlandia was split between two main religious groups, Orthodox Cruisians, in the northern Mokra region and Papaist Cruisians in the southern Sukha region. The Orthodox Church of Mokra and Hochlandian Papaist Church are the two main denominations. The region has a history of secular and religious violence, with Orthodox and Papaist groups regularly in conflict with one another and also the predominantly Mounist Fenizic population.