|Brenhiniaeth y Cymoedd|
Kingdom of Kemedal
|Conventional short name:|
|Data codes:||KE, KEM|
|Other:||Porthlong Danfor, Llanfarc, ...|
|Government type:||Consitutional Monarchy|
|Grand Minister:||Cadfael Dacus|
|Organizations:||United Nations of Vexillium|
The Kingdom of Kemedal (Brenhiniaeth y Cymoedd, litt. 'Kingdom of the Valleys') is a country located in the north-western part of the continent of Eras. It is bordered by Albion-Merité (Y Feirth) to the south, the Bay of Merité (Y Bae'r Feirth) to the west, Ansonia (Answnia) to the north-east, the People's Republic of Gronk (Gweriniaeth Pobl Gronc) to the east and the Gronkian Union (Yr Undeb Grongeg) to the south-east. Kemedal has an estimated population of 49 million and is officially bilingual, with both Kemese (Cwmeg) and Ingallish having equal status; in practice however, Ingallish serves as an administrative language only and is not actively mastered by the entire population.
Kemedal stretches from the Bay of Merité in the west to the northern tip of the south-eastern Yokes mountain range (Iwychod), which extends into Albion-Merité and the Gronkian Union. Most of Kemedal is covered either by forests or grassland, which in earlier times provided Kemedal with its means to survive. The south-western part of the country is covered by hills and mountains. Located around the town of Bala are the Great Lakes (LLynoedd Mawr), the larger of which is shared with Albion-Merité.
The two major rivers of Kemedal are the river Sioned, which partially runs along the border with Ansonia, and the river Elynor, which forms the border with the Gronkian Union, starting in the Yokes mountains and flowing down the mountains into the People's Republic of Gronk, where it turns to the north and flows into the North Gronkian Sea.
- Before 198 BP: periodes of independence and foreign rule
- 198 BP - 296 AP: Part of the Gronk Empire, since 173 AP as a kingdom within the empire
- 296 AP - 299 AP: Power vacuum and Cooperative Commonwealth of the Union of Northern Gronk; royal family of Kemedal in exile
- 299 AP - 302 AP: Part of Ansonia. Attempts to establish a separate kingdom of Kemedal already in 299 failed due to the death of king Iestyn II.
- 302 AP: Independence of Kemedal as a constitutional democracy under king Iestyn III.
At the beginning of 316, an approximate number of almost 50 million people lived in Kemedal, most of whom are Kemese (91%), while the largest minority groups are Ansonian, Gronkian, Albionish, and Meritéan.
The 5 most populated cities of Kemedal are Aberban (4,882,398), Porthlong Danfor (3,521,444), Llanfarc (1,079,583), Corwn (828,566), Abercyffyr (801,285).
Approximately 48% consider Kemese as their native language, while 41% indicate Ingallish as such, which is enough to have Kemedal included in the so called Mystgallian fringe. Although both languages have equal status in Kemedal, about 18% to 20% of the Kemese, mostly in non-urban areas, have difficulty expressing themselves in Ingallish. 99% of the population is literate.
The Kingdom of Kemedal is a parliamentary representative democratic monarchy with a multi-party system. The legislative power is vested in both the government and the Siambr y Taleithiau (Chamber of the States). The executive power is exercised by the Grand Minister and his Cabinet. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislative.
Main article: Kings of Kemedal
Although the King of Kemedal is the head of state, he has mainly symbolic power whereas the real power lies with the government. The Royal House is the family of Lowarch, originally a princely dynasty from Bala. The functions of the King are mainly ceremonial but he has influence as the symbol of national unity. Although the revised constitution of 302 AP continues to grant important executive powers to the King, these are always exercised by the Cabinet in the name of the King. The King is, also symbolically, Supreme Commander of the armed forces of Kemedal.
The Cabinet is formally convened by the reigning monarch. The Cabinet consists of the Grand Minister and his fellow ministers who are formally appointed by the King. Parliamentarism entails that the Cabinet must not have the Chamber of States against it, and that teh appointment by the King is a formality. The Cabinet must have the confidence of the Chamber of States. In practise, the monarch will ask the leader of a parliamentary block that has a majority in the Chamber to form a government.
The Siambr y TaleithiauEdit
In accordance with article 19 of the 302 AP Constitution of Kemedal, the number of seats in the Chamber of States is fixed at 125. These are split 5 ways to correspond with each of the five States of Kemedal (Aberban, Bala, Corwn, Gwaun, and Llidiard). The seats are divided among the parties using proportional representations. Elections occur at least every five years, with every seat up for re-election. Members of the Chamber must be at least 21 years old and resident in Kemedal, have Kemese citizenship and full political and civil rights within Kemedal. The early election of January 317 resulted in a victory for the Democratic Party; a coalition agreement was concluded between the Democratic Party, the Progressive Democratic Party and the Liberal Party. The new government was sworn in on 22 February 317.
The Judiciary of the Kingdom of Kemedal is an independent branch of the government. It has three main divisions, all of which have distinct jurisdictions, defined by the revised constitution of 302 AP:
- The Constitutional Court of Kemedal only reviews cases involving the constitution.
- The Supreme Administrative Court of Kemedal is the court of the highest authority on issues of procedural and administrative propriety. It also has jurisdiction over many political manners, such as the formation and closure of political parties, jurisdictional boundaries between government entities, and the elegibility of citizens to stand for public office.
- The Regular cours, most prominently the Supreme Criminal Court of Kemedal, deal with matters of every day law. The division of this judical branch is perhaps the most complicated, being composed of superior, district, and regional courts located throughout Kemedal.
Main article: Diplomatic relations of Kemedal
Main article: Military of Kemedal
Society and cultureEdit
Main article: Sport in Kemedal
Sport is considered a national pastime in Kemedal. Rugby is the national sport and receives the most attention, but also popular are Football, Cricket, Ice Hockey, Baseball, golf, Basketball and Unamned Ball Sport.